The Medieval Period: A Guide To The Middle Ages in History

Italy, Motefiascone(VT)-St. Flaviano's Church built in the XII Century
Italy, Motefiascone(VT)-St. Flaviano's Church built in the XII Century

The Middle Period or the Medieval Period is considered by numerous to be the most” Dark” period of time in Western Civilization because of the large quantum of destruction and misery that the people of the time endured. Indeed so, there are numerous effects to enjoy about this time period. One of the most popular effects of the Middle periods is the Medieval Times regale. This is a time for families to escape and enjoy an evening with musketeers and family. It’s a time for people to eat, drink, and be jocular. This composition is meant to be a companion to the Middle periods.

The Middle periods is a period of European history that lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It commenced with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and intermingled into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Period is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history classical age, the medieval period, and the ultramodern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early Middle periods and the High Middle periods and The Late Middle Ages.

The Middle periods are frequently dated from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 A.D. to the end of the Middle periods, marked by the fall of Constantinople in 1453 or the end of the Hundred Times’ War in 1453. The medieval period is the most critical period in the history of Europe.

The following are some of the most important ages in medieval European history:-

Early Middle Ages in the Medieval Period

(Medieval Time Period: 476 A.D-1000 A.D)

This is the period of the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the rise of the Carolingian Conglomerate. The Western Roman Empire fell in 476 A.D. after being sacked by the Visigoths. The last Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus, was overthrown by the Germanic chieftain OdoacerOdoacer also ruled Italy for many years before being conquered by the Ostrogoth king Theodoric the Great. The Ostrogoths ruled Italy over two hundred times until they were defeated by the intricate Conglomerate in the Gothic War of 535- 554 A.D.

The Conquest by Charlemagne. This Vintage engraving from a 15th Century manuscript depicts the epic battle for Jerusalam by Charlemagne.
The Conquest by Charlemagne. This Vintage engraving from a 15th Century manuscript depicts the epic battle for Jerusalem by Charlemagne.

The Early Middle periods were a time of great political and Military bouleversement in Europe. After the Roman Empire collapsed in 476 A.D., leading to the rise of the Germanic fiefdoms. The most important of these was the Frankish Kingdom, which was formed by the Frankish King Charlemagne. Charlemagne conquered the utmost of Western and Central Europe and was culminated Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III in 800 A.D.

The Carolingian Conglomerate was divided into three corridors after the death of Charlemagne’s son, Louis the Pious. The three corridors were the Kingdom of France, the Kingdom of Germany, and the Kingdom of Italy.

High Middle Ages in the Medieval Period

(Medieval Time Period: 1000 A.D.- 1350 A.D.)

This is the period of the drives and the Mongol irruptions. The drives were a series of military juggernauts fought by the Christian countries of Europe against the Muslim countries of the Middle East. The most notorious campaign was the First campaign, which was launched in 1095 A.D. by the intricate Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. The First campaign was successful in landing Jerusalem from the Muslims in 1099 A.D.. Still, the drives failed to achieve their main thing of restoring Christian control of the Holy Land and redounded in the rise of the Muslim Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria.

The Mongol irruptions began in 1206 A.D. when the Mongol chieftain, Temujin, united the Mongol lines and began his subjection of Asia. Temujin‘s armies swept through China, Persia, and Russia, conquering everything in their path. In 1227 A.D., Temujin was placarded Genghis Khan, or” Universal Ruler.” Under Genghis Khan, the Mongols continued their vanquishing, and by 1241 A.D. they had conquered all of China. In 1258 A.D., the Mongols sacked Baghdad, killing the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta‘sim. The Mongols also raided Europe, reaching as far as Poland and Hungary before being defeated at the Battle of Legnica in 1241 A.D.

Late Middle Ages in the Medieval Period

(Medieval Time Period: 1350 A.D.- 1450 A.D.)

This is the period of the Black Death and the Hundred-Times War. The Black Death was an epidemic of bubonic pests that broke out in China in 1333 A.D. and spread to Europe in 1348 A.D. The Black Death killed up to 60 of the European population, entire ruinous metropolises, and left large areas of Europe inhabited.

Painting depicting Black Death Plague and Chaos.
Painting depicting Black Death Plague and Chaos.

The Late Middle Period was also a time of great religious fermentation. The papacy was moved from Rome to Avignon in 1309 A.D., and the Great Schism of 1054 A.D. resolve the Christian Church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. It was a time of great political and military change too. The Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France were the two most important countries in Europe, and their contest led to the Hundred-Times War. The war ended with the English being expelled from France. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 A.D. gestured the end of the intricate Conglomerate.

The Late Middle period was a time of great profitable change too. The Black Death devastated the European population, leading to a deficit of labor and a rise in stipend. The Hundred Times War destroyed much of the agrarian land in France, leading to a decline in agrarian production. And the fall of Constantinople cut off Europe from the fat trade routes of the East.

Life in the Early Middle Ages

Social life in the Middle Ages was very different from what we see today. Life in the early Middle Ages or medieval period was much more dependent on feudal lords and kings.

The feudal system was a hierarchical system that consisted of three major groups: the king and his court, the noblemen, and the peasants. The nobles would provide protection to the peasants in exchange for their labor. , and the peasants would provide food for the nobles. Lord provides protection to people in exchange for their work. The system of feudalism is seen as a state of social stratification that emerged from the idea that there were classes in society: those who have power over others and those who are powerless. The nobility was at the top, followed by peasants and then journeymen.

Life in the Middle Ages for a serf was not easy. They had to work hard and were often beaten by their masters and lords.

They were also expected to follow orders and be good soldiers. In the Middle Ages, people did not have the right to refuse to work in their master’s fields or mines. While life was difficult for serfs, they could hope that their children would have a better life. Serfs had a very low chance of becoming someone else’s slave because they had been born into the serf class, but it was more likely for them to become a freeman later in life. The serf class became extinct with the onset of the Industrial Revolution when most people no longer worked in agriculture and could travel freely. The English Parliament declared that serfs were free on December 4th, 1838.

Conclusion to the Guide To The Middle Ages in History

The Middle periods was a time period where the world was in a constant state of change. There was a lot of uneasiness and fermentation in the world during this time and people were constantly trying to figure out how to live in this chaotic time. The Middle periods are a time period where religion was a huge part of life and the church was a veritably important institution. This was a time period when people weren’t allowed to have numerous freedoms. The Middle periods were also a time period that was riddled with wars, pestilences, and deaths. This was a time period when people were living in fear of the unknown. still, there were numerous people who thrived in this time period. There was a lot of creativity and invention during this time period and there were numerous advancements in wisdom and technology.